Photography is a wide field with many sub-genres that differ significantly from each other. Some of the genres are modern while others have tarried for centuries. One of those old photography areas is Macro Photography that we will have an in-depth look at in terms of its definition, facts, and technical specifications.
What Is Macro Photography?
This genre is also known as photomacrography and it entails an extreme close-up. It is an art of making quite big photos and in a simpler way. It involves having images that are way bigger than the actual size of the objects in reality, the life-size being smaller than the image size. For example, an exceptional photographer will capture the image of a small insect but magnify it to a big image.
The reproduction ratio, which is the ratio of the object to the image, is determined by the size of the macro lens of the camera. Decades ago before the invention of the digital camera, this uphill task required specialized skills by professional photographers.
However, with the rise and advancement in sensor technology, achieving the appropriate reproduction is not such a difficult task. In fact, at a considerable low-cost, one can attain photomicrography.
With these improvements, the real Macro Photography can also be defined as an image whose subject’s height is 24mm or less.
Techniques And Tools
To achieve Macro Photography, you need some specialized tools and adoption of various shooting techniques. Two primary equipment involve the macro lenses coupled with a barrel long enough for high reproduction ratios and close-up focusing. If a mistake happens in the focusing, the image will appear distorted and of low quality.
You may need to lengthen the distance between your camera lenses and the sensor by the use of extension tubes. Although these tools are optional, they play a very significant role and it would be great to have them. For example, you may use the extension tools to reduce the focusing distance, and this will increase the magnification of your subject.
Some techniques are important in enhancing Macro Photography. First, the photographer may mount the lens in reverse position in front of a mounted lens whose focal length is greater using a macro coupler. The macro coupler will screw into the filter threads of the two lenses. This approach ensures the full function of mechanical and electronic communications of the lens. In this digital era, you may use the digital cameras together with sensor bridge cameras that are small with a high-resolution zoom lens and close up diopter.
Technical Specs Considerations
- Lighting remains crucial in photography. However, a sure challenge is the reduced distance between the lens and the subject making it difficult to get enough natural light. As such, a ring flash is recommended for sharpness.
- The other technical issue is about the depth of field during shooting. A small aperture is required and comes by the slow shutter, high ISO or brilliant lighting.
Macro photography may seem complicated at first, but with regular practice and the zeal to do it, with time you will be doing it with your eyes closed.